[Haskell-cafe] manage effects in a DSL
Corentin Dupont
corentin.dupont at gmail.com
Sun Feb 2 19:42:03 UTC 2014
Building up on the exemple below, I have a problem with mixing
effectful/effectless computations. For example, this would not compile:
> noEff :: Exp NoEffect ()
> noEff = return ()
> hasEffect :: Exp Effect ()
> hasEffect = do
> noEff <--- won't compile
> return ()
But it should: you should be able to run an effectless monad in an
effectful one.
How to encode this semantic?
I know you can replace the type signature of noEff by:
> noEff :: Exp r ()
But I don't find it so elegant...
I suppose you have to encode the semantic in the Bind of the Monad instance:
> data Exp :: Eff -> * -> * where
> ...
> Bind1 :: Exp NoEffect a -> (a -> Exp r b) -> Exp r b
> Bind2 :: Exp Effect a -> (a -> Exp r b) -> Exp Effect b
> instance Monad (Exp r) where
> return = Const
> (a :: Exp NoEffect a) >>= f = a `Bind1` f
> (a :: Exp Effect a) >>= f = a `Bind2` f
But this doesn't work:
Couldn't match type `r' with 'NoEffect
`r' is a rigid type variable
Thanks a lot for the help :) all this thread helped me a lot!!
Corentin
On Thu, Jan 30, 2014 at 8:53 PM, Corentin Dupont
<corentin.dupont at gmail.com>wrote:
>
>
> Oleg: Very interresting, thanks. I have some questions:
> - What do you mean by "The type Cont Int a describes an impure
> computation, which may abort with an Int value, for example".
> Aborting with an Int value is akin to exceptions?
> - for me it's not clear when to choose an "applicative" or a "monadic"
> DSL? Betsides, what's the rational behind the name "let_" (never seen it
> before)?
>
>
> Linsey, Jacques: Thanks for the pointer! I learned about data kinds.
> I tried to apply your suggestions to add a phantom type parameter to Exp.
> I came up to (I dropped the Free monad idea, which seems unrelated to the
> problem):
>
>
>
> > data Eff = Effect | NoEffect
>
> > -- first type parameter is used to track effects
> > data Exp :: Eff -> * -> * where
> > ReadAccount :: Exp r Int --ReadAccount can be used in whatever monad
> (with or without effect)
> > WriteAccount :: Exp NoEffect Int -> Exp Effect () --WriteAccount
> takes an effect-less expression, and returns an effectfull expression
> > SetVictory :: Exp NoEffect Bool -> Exp Effect () -- same for
> SetVictory
> > OnTimer :: Exp Effect () -> Exp Effect () --OnTime can program
> whatever expression to be triggered every minutes, in particular effectful
> ones
> > Return :: a -> Exp r a
> > Bind :: Exp r a -> (a -> Exp r b) -> Exp r b
>
> This is the (simplified) game state:
>
>
> > data Game = Game { bankAccount :: Int,
> > victory :: Exp NoEffect Bool,
> > timerEvent :: Exp Effect ()}
>
> > -- victory when account > 100
> > victoryRule' :: Exp Effect ()
>
> > victoryRule' = SetVictory $ do
> > m <- readAccount
> > --WriteAccount (return $ m + 1) --won't compile (good)
>
> > return (m > 100)
>
> > --increase my bank account by 1 every minute
> > myTimer :: Exp Effect ()
> > myTimer = OnTimer $ do
> > m <- readAccount
>
> > writeAccount (return $ m + 1)
>
>
> Do you have a better name suggestion for Eff? Other pointers where this
> idiom is realised??
> Thanks!!
> Corentin
>
>
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