[Haskell-cafe] Simple type-class experiment turns out not so simple...
Steffen Schuldenzucker
sschuldenzucker at uni-bonn.de
Fri Jan 6 11:29:02 CET 2012
On 01/06/2012 11:16 AM, Steve Horne wrote:
>
> I was messing around with type-classes (familiarization exercises) when
> I hit a probably newbie problem. Reducing it to the simplest case...
>
> module BinTree ( WalkableBinTree, BT (Branch, Empty) ) where
> -- n : node type
> -- d : data item type wrapped in each node
> class WalkableBinTree n where
> wbtChildren :: n -> Maybe (n, n)
> wbtData :: n -> Maybe d
With 'd' not being mentioned anywhere, the signature of wbtData means
"forall d. n -> Maybe d". In particular, wbtData == const Nothing.
>
> -- Simple tree type, mostly for testing
> data BT x = Branch x (BT x) (BT x)
> | Empty
>
> instance WalkableBinTree (BT x) where
> wbtChildren (Branch d l r) = Just (l, r)
> wbtChildren Empty = Nothing
>
> wbtData (Branch d l r) = Just d
> wbtData Empty = Nothing
The signature of this function is 'BT x -> Maybe x', so it doesn't match
the one above.
>
> Loading this code into GHCi, I get...
>
> Prelude> :load BinTree
> [1 of 1] Compiling BinTree ( BinTree.hs, interpreted )
>
> BinTree.hs:16:39:
> Couldn't match type `x' with `d'
> `x' is a rigid type variable bound by
> the instance declaration at BinTree.hs:12:32
> `d' is a rigid type variable bound by
> the type signature for wbtData :: BT x -> Maybe d
> at BinTree.hs:16:5
> In the first argument of `Just', namely `d'
> In the expression: Just d
> In an equation for `wbtData': wbtData (Branch d l r) = Just d
> Failed, modules loaded: none.
> Prelude>
...which this error message tells you.
>
> I've tried varying a number of details. Adding another parameter to the
> type-class (for the item-data type) requires an extension, and even then
> the instance is rejected because (I think) the tree-node and item-data
> types aren't independent.
Did you try something like
> {-# LANGUAGE MultiParamTypeClasses #-}
> class WalkableBinTree n d where
> ... (same code as above, but 'd' is bound now)
> ...
> instance WalkableBinTree (BT x) x where
> ...
-- Steffen
More information about the Haskell-Cafe
mailing list