[Haskell-cafe] Monad transformer: apply StateT to List monad
John Millikin
jmillikin at gmail.com
Fri Jan 14 07:00:03 CET 2011
Lifting 'f' into StateT -- you get a list of (result, state) pairs. Since
the state is never modified, the second half of each pair is identical:
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
import Control.Monad.State
f :: Int -> [Int]
f n = [0..n]
-- lifting 'f' into State, I use 'Char' for the state so you
-- can see which param it is
liftedF :: Int -> StateT Char [] Int
liftedF n = lift (f n)
-- prints [(0,'a'),(1,'a'),(2,'a'),(3,'a'),(4,'a')]
--
-- 4 is n , 'a' is the state
main = print (runStateT (liftedF 4) 'a')
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
Lifting 'tick' into ListT -- you get a single pair, the first
half is a list with one value, which is whatever 'tick'
returned:
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
import Control.Monad.List
type GeneratorState = State Int
tick :: GeneratorState Int
tick = do
n <- get
put (n + 1)
return n
liftedTick :: ListT GeneratorState Int
liftedTick = lift tick
-- prints ([4],5)
--
-- 4 is the initial state, 5 is the final state
main = print (runState (runListT liftedTick) 4)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
Generally, monad transformers aren't used to add new
functionality to existing monadic computations. Instead,
they're used with a generic "Monad m =>" (or similar)
constraint, and modify how that generic result is
returned.
For example, a modified version of 'tick' can have any
monad (including lists) applied to it:
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
tick :: Monad m => StateT Int m Int
tick = do
n <- get
put (n + 1)
return n
-- prints [(0,1),(1,2),(2,3)]
main = print ([0,1,2] >>= runStateT tickTo)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
On Thu, Jan 13, 2011 at 16:38, michael rice <nowgate at yahoo.com> wrote:
> Hi Daniel,
>
> What I need to see is a function, say g, that lifts the function f (in the
> List monad) into the StateT monad, applies it to the monad's value, say 1,
> and returns a result [0,1].
>
> Or, alternatively, code that lifts a function in the State monad, say tick
>
> import Control.Monad.State
>
> type GeneratorState = State Int
>
> tick :: GeneratorState Int
> tick = do n <- get
> put (n+1)
> return n
>
> into the ListT monad and applies it to a list, say
>
> lst = [0,1,2]
>
> producing [(0,1),(1,2),(2,3)].
>
> Both would be very helpful. Or maybe I'm missing the concept of monad
> transformers altogether and putting them together improperly, like trying to
> use a spreadsheet to write a letter?
>
> Michael
>
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