[Haskell-cafe] One liner?

Mitchell, Neil neil.mitchell.2 at credit-suisse.com
Thu Oct 2 11:26:23 EDT 2008

You can translate this step by step.
main = do dc <- getDirectoryContents "./foo/"
          mapM_ putStrLn dc

Translating out the do notation

main = getDirectoryContents >>= \dc ->
       mapM_ putStrLn dc

Then we can chop out the dc argument, as its \x -> .... x, and can be
removed (eta reduction):

main = getDirectoryContents >>= 
       mapM_ putStrLn

And finally we just remove the newline:

main = getDirectoryContents >>= mapM_ putStrLn  

Alternatively, we can flip the >>= for =<< and write:

main = mapM_ putStrLn =<< getDirectoryContents

This is now one line, and mirrors how you would write the function if it
was pure using function composition.



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	From: haskell-cafe-bounces at haskell.org
[mailto:haskell-cafe-bounces at haskell.org] On Behalf Of Paul Keir
	Sent: 02 October 2008 4:20 pm
	To: haskell-cafe at haskell.org
	Subject: [Haskell-cafe] One liner?

	Hi all,
	There's a common little situation I keep bumping up against. I
don't understand where I'm going wrong, so I've made a little example.
It's to do with binding a result to a variable name using "<-". This
code works fine:
	module Main where
	import System.Directory (getDirectoryContents)
	main = do dc <- getDirectoryContents "./foo/"
	          mapM_ putStrLn dc
	But if I try to avoid the use of the bind to "dc", I fail:
	mapM_ putStrLn (getDirectoryContents "./foo/")
	I've tried using map instead of mapM_, and inserted "return"s
here and there, but no luck. Can anyone tell me where and why I'm going
wrong? The error message is below.
	Couldn't match expected type `[String]'
	       against inferred type `IO [FilePath]'
	In the second argument of `mapM_', namely
	    `(getDirectoryContents "./foo/")'
	In the expression: mapM_ putStrLn (getDirectoryContents
	In the definition of `main':
	    main = mapM_ putStrLn (getDirectoryContents "./foo/")

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