Proposal: change the Bits instance for Bool to align with other basic types and support branchless calculations
Edward Kmett
ekmett at gmail.com
Sat Sep 27 18:06:47 UTC 2014
Do we have a benchmark of the relative performance of the short-circuiting
vs. non-short-circuiting versions?
There *is* a consistency argument in that we don't currently try to
short-circuit any of the other instances, but increasing strictness means
reduced termination, so we should look before we leap.
On the other hand there is also a cultural bias towards being as lazy as
possible, and we derive a lot of benefit in terms of reasoning across the
entire ecosystem from the uniformity of that bias.
If we are going to consider trading asymptotics for constant factors, we
should at least take a look at if we're getting anything for our trade.
-Edward
On Sat, Sep 27, 2014 at 1:59 PM, David Feuer <david.feuer at gmail.com> wrote:
> Currently, the (.&.) and (.|.) methods for Bool are short-circuiting,
> defined like this:
>
> instance Bits Bool where
> (.&.) = (&&)
>
> (.|.) = (||)
>
> Unlike the instances for Int, Word, etc., this gives short-circuiting
> behavior (conditionally lazy in the second operand). Unfortunately, this
> requires a conditional branch to implement, which can sometimes be bad.
> Since (&&) and (||) are readily available to anyone who wants
> short-circuiting, I propose that we use the following instead. Note that
> the Bits class does not specify anything about this aspect of instance
> behavior.
>
> x .&. y = tagToEnum# (dataToTag# x `andI#` dataToTag# y)
>
> x .|. y = tagToEnum# (dataToTag# x `orI#` dataToTag# y)
>
> The rest of the operations look like this:
>
> x `xor` y = tagToEnum# (dataToTag# x `xorI#` dataToTag# y)
>
> complement x = tagToEnum# (dataToTag# x `xorI#` 1#)
>
> shift x s = testBit x s
>
> rotate x _ = x
>
> -- I don't think we gain anything changing this one.
> bit 0 = True
> bit _ = False
>
> testBit x b = tagToEnum# (dataToTag# x `andI#` (dataToTag# b ==# 0#))
>
> bitSizeMaybe _ = Just 1
>
> bitSize _ = 1
>
> isSigned _ = False
>
> popCount x = I# (dataToTag# x)
>
> instance FiniteBits Bool where
> finiteBitSize _ = 1
> countTrailingZeros x = I# (dataToTag# x `xorI#` 1#)
> countLeadingZeros x = I# (dataToTag# x `xorI#` 1#)
>
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