ben.franksen at online.de
Wed May 29 01:02:14 CEST 2013
Bryan O'Sullivan wrote:
> On Tue, May 28, 2013 at 8:23 AM, Ian Lynagh
<ian at well-typed.com> wrote:
>> I have made a wiki page describing a new proposal,
>> NoImplicitPreludeImport, which I intend to propose for Haskell 2014:
>> What do you think?
> This is a truly terrible idea.
> It purports to be a step towards fixing the backwards compatibility
> problem, but of course it breaks every module ever written along the way,
> and it means that packages that try to be compatible across multiple
> versions of GHC will need mandatory CPP #ifdefs for years to come.
I think it need not necessarily come to that. If we do this right, then
adding a line
to a project's cabal file should be enough to get all existing code to
compile, as a first step. The question is what comes after that?
Suppose you start adapting a package to the new standard. You delete the
above extensions line in the cabal file and add
to all modules that need it (most will). This should still be compatible
with old compiler/language versions.
Now, occasionally, you will find that what you actually need to import is in
just one or two of these new modules, so you replace some
import Data.Num -- etc
and at this point the code no longer compiles with old compiler/language
versions. This is bad. #ifdef is not a nice solution, but there is better
We add a *compatibility package* (named e.g. "prelude") that contains all
the new modules that are needed (in addition to already existing ones in
base) to fully replace the Prelude. We also add some extra cabal magic that
"knows" which version of prelude the old versions of base need to make them
compatible with new packages that use the Prelude-replacement modules. The
rules can be hard-coded into cabal and will be retained forever (at least
for a long time).
This means that all you have to do if you have an old ghc installation is to
cabal install cabal cabal-install
and then you can
cabal install foo
even if foo is already converted to the new Prelude-less style, because the
new cabal will add a silent dependency of (an old) base on the prelude
I think in order for this to actually work, the compatibility package would
in turn have to depend on the installed version of base and the Prelude-
replacement modules inside it would have to actually re-export everything
from the (old, installed) Prelude. It probably makes sense to create several
versions of the prelude package, one for every supported version of base
(ideally with the same version number to avoid confusion, adding a 5th
number for bug-fixes). For instance base versions that appear in past
Haskell Platforms could be supported in this way.
The circular dependency base-184.108.40.206 -> prelude-220.127.116.11.* -> base-18.104.22.168 ->
etc must of course be handled specially by the new cabal. Or, instead of
adding an implicit base-22.214.171.124 -> prelude-126.96.36.199.* dependency, cabal would
-- depending on the installed version of base -- add a global constraint
that adds the correct prelude package to all builds.
BTW, I think this could be a general method to "backward fix" compatibility
problems when re-organising core libraries.
And one last caveat: Cabal itself would need to exercise some restraint
w.r.t. using new language or library features, since it must be buildable on
all supported language/compiler versions for this idea to work.
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