[Haskell-cafe] broadcasting stateful computations

Isaac Elliott isaace71295 at gmail.com
Wed Sep 1 15:28:58 UTC 2021

What about creating a MonadState instance for the TVar?

newtype SharedStateT m a = SharedStateT (ReaderT (TVar s) m a)

instance MonadIO m => MonadState s (SharedStateT s m) where
  get = SharedStateT $ liftIO . readTVarIO =<< ask
  put s = SharedStateT $ do
    tvar <- ask
    liftIO . atomically $ writeTVar tvar s
  state f = SharedStateT $ do
    tvar <- ask
    liftIO . atomically $ stateTVar tvar f

On Thu, 2 Sep 2021, 12:50 am Olaf Klinke, <olf at aatal-apotheke.de> wrote:

> Dear Café,
> I have a sequence of state-modifying computations
> action :: MonadUnliftIO m => StateT s m ()
> where the state s should be visible to other threads. Thus I created a
> TVar in which I keep track of this state s for other threads to read.
> The type system tells me it can't be done, which suggests I am using
> the wrong abstraction. The following type-checks but may be unsafe.
> import Control.Concurrent.STM
> import Control.Monad.IO.Unlift
> updateStateTVar :: MonadUnliftIO m => TVar s -> StateT s m () -> m ()
> updateStateTVar var action = withRunInIO (\inIO -> do
>     s0 <- atomically (readTVar var)
>     s1 <- inIO (execStateT action s0)
>     atomically (writeTVar var s1))
> Yet the splitting into readTVar and writeTVar is dangerous if several
> threads have read/write access to the same TVar. I was hoping to write
> the above using modifyTVar. However, the action essentially gives me a
> Kleisli map
> s -> m s
> which I somehow have to turn into an
> m (s -> s)
> but it is not possible in general. (The reverse works for any functor.)
> What should I do?
> * Switch to WriterT (Endo s) m?
>   This is not as powerful as StateT s m.
> * Do everything in the STM monad? But this disallows arbitrary IO
> because it would facilitate nested STM transactions.
> The code above is safe, I believe, if only one thread has read/write
> access and the others are read-only. Are there type-level abstractions
> of this kind? (I suppose one could easily make them with some
> newtypes.)
> Thanks in advance for any thoughts on this.
> Olaf
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