Magicloud Magiclouds magicloud.magiclouds at gmail.com
Sat May 18 09:54:21 UTC 2019

```Thanks. Just to make it clear, the code is for generating candidates,
not the answer, right? From first glance, the code shows a lot
solutions that do not sum to 10. Have not check if it contains all

On Sat, May 18, 2019 at 3:03 PM Thomas DuBuisson
<thomas.dubuisson at gmail.com> wrote:
>
> As an aside: I feel certain I saw a beautiful solution presented as
> lecture notes and referencing a game show (around 2007).  Maybe it was
> in Hudak's book?
>
>
> Perhaps I missed something, but the answer's I've seen posted thus far
> are not dynamic programming.  Certainly in the powerset case you'll
> experience exponential costs.  Benchmarks are good - try to solve with
> numbers [1..64] in low numbers of seconds.
>
> An explicit 98-ish solution is to have a generator that will refer to
> the prior indexes in the list when computing the current index.
>
>
> First the boiler plate:
>
> ```
> module Main where
>
> import qualified Data.Set as Set
>
> type Solution = Set.Set Int
>
> -- A list of all sets of numbers, no duplicates and ignoring order,
> -- that sum to the value @index + 1 at .
> answer =  fmap op [1..10]
>  where
> ```
>
> Now for the interesting part.  The recursive definition of a solution
> for value `target` is `[target]` and the solutions for `x` added with
> the solution for `target - x` where `x <- [0..target/2].  Some care
> must be taken because solutions will overlap.
>
> With that in mind:
>
> ```
>  -- Generate the entry for value @target@ (list index @target - 1@)
>  op :: Int -> [Solution]
>  op target =
>     ([target] :: Solution)              -- The target itself is an answer
>         : snub                          -- Ignore duplicate results
>                                             -- Better idea: don't
> generate dups if you can...
>             (do let half = target `div` 2
>                     halfRDown = (target-1) `div` 2
>                 (ls,hs) <- zip (slice 0 half answer) -- Pair  0     .. t/2
>                                                      -- with t-1, t-2 .. t/2+1
>                                (reverse \$ slice half halfRDown answer)
>                 l <- ls  -- For each solution to the lower number
>                 h <- hs  -- and the matching solution to the larger number
>                 guard (Set.intersection l h == []) -- No repeat values! (?)
>                 pure (l <> h) -- target = l + h
>                 )
>
> -- | List slice from a base and of given length
> slice :: Int -> Int -> [a] -> [a]
> slice base len = take len . drop base
>
> -- | Efficient combined sort and nub
> snub :: (Eq a, Ord a) => [a] -> [a]
> snub = Set.toList . Set.fromList
>
> main :: IO ()
> ```
>
> -Thomas
>
>
> On Fri, May 17, 2019 at 9:35 PM Magicloud Magiclouds
> <magicloud.magiclouds at gmail.com> wrote:
> >
> > Hi,
> >
> > I solved the question. But I could not figure out a FP style solution.
> >
> > Question:
> >
> > 1 - 9, nine numbers. Show all the possible combinations that sum up to
> > 10. Different orders are counted as the same.
> >
> > For example, [1, 4, 5].
> > _______________________________________________