[Haskell-cafe] Building stack projects as docker images

Theodore Lief Gannon tanuki at gmail.com
Tue Sep 4 17:29:25 UTC 2018

We're dealing with this same hassle at Slant. For starters, instead of your
hello-world build, you can use:

stack build --dependencies-only

We've gone a few steps farther to make Kubernetes deployment easier. We
have a base container for web services with this Dockerfile:

FROM haskell:8.2.1 as buildenv
RUN apt-get update && apt-get -y install make xz-utils libpq-dev
RUN stack upgrade --binary-version 1.6.1
RUN stack update && stack setup --resolver lts-11.22
RUN stack build Cabal --resolver lts-11.22
RUN stack build haskell-src-exts --resolver lts-11.22
RUN stack build lens --resolver lts-11.22
RUN stack build aeson --resolver lts-11.22
RUN stack build http-conduit --resolver lts-11.22
RUN stack build servant-server --resolver lts-11.22

We'll occasionally make a new version of this with a bumped LTS version.
When we started there was no official 8.4-base docker image, but since
we're using stack it doesn't really matter. The explicit install of
stack-1.6.1 is due to an error that occurs when trying to pull indexes with
1.7.1 on the kubernetes build server; there's probably a cleaner solution
but we're not using any 1.7.1 features yet. Optimally the order here should
be "least likely to change goes first" but we haven't done any real
analysis on that.

>From here, individual services have a Dockerfile roughly like so:

FROM debian:jessie as runtimeenv
RUN apt-get update && apt-get install -y libgmp-dev && rm -rf

FROM <private>/haskell-webserver:lts-11.22 as dependencies
# pre-build any additional slow local dependencies
COPY stack.yaml .
COPY package.yaml .
COPY submodules ./submodules
RUN rm -rf ~/.stack/indices/
RUN stack build --dependencies-only

FROM dependencies as build
COPY . .
RUN stack build --ghc-options="-O2" # additional options as desired

FROM runtimeenv
COPY --from=build
/app/.stack-work/install/x86_64-linux/lts-11.22/8.2.2/bin/app-name-exe .

CMD ./app-name-exe

This gives us a reasonable build speed and nice lean deploy container.

On Tue, Sep 4, 2018 at 4:22 AM Daniel Rolls via Haskell-Cafe <
haskell-cafe at haskell.org> wrote:

> I am building Haskell web services using docker. I do this utilising the
> stack tool within the official Haskell Docker image. Doing this has a
> number of advantages
> - It's predictable - I can control bringing in new versions of stack and
> ghc.
> - It's easy to share - no stack or Haskell installation is required to
> build the image
> - These services can interact with other services in a controlled
> environment using Docker compose.
> One downside is that I doing this naively means waiting for a modules to
> download every time docker build is run since the stack build command will
> start from scratch each time. I worked around this by adding two build
> steps. The first runs a hello world example with the stack.yml and
> package.yml from my project. The second build builds the intended code.
> This trick separated the downloading of dependent libraries from building
> the code and means day to day code changes are quick to build since the
> first stack build is cached as a docker image layer. Still though, making a
> small change to a stack yml file means a long wait re-downloading all
> dependent libraries.
> Firstly, is there a better way of doing this? I know stack supports
> building within docker but when I worked this way I still found projects
> depended on the system stack and would commonly fail due to stack bugs.
> Secondly, my two "stack build" calls where the first builds a hello world
> program feels a bit hacky. is there a better way to achieve this?
> Thanks,
> Dan
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