[Haskell-cafe] Measuring memory usage

Vlatko Basic vlatko.basic at gmail.com
Fri Jun 29 12:31:51 UTC 2018


I've come to some strange results using Weigh package.

It shows that HashMap inside 'data' is using much, much more memory.

The strange thing is that I'm seeing too large mem usage in my app as well 
(several "MapData" like in records), and trying to figure out with 'weigh' 
what's keeping the mem.

Noticed that when I change the code to use HashMap directly (not inside 'data', 
that's the only change), the mem usage observed with top drops down for ~60M, 
from 850M to 790M.

These are the test results for 10K, 5K and 3.3K items for "data MapData k v = 
MapData (HashMap k v)" (at the end is the full runnable example.)

Case           Allocated  GCs
HashMap          262,824    0
HashMap half      58,536    0
HashMap third     17,064    0
MapData        4,242,208    4

I tested by changing the order, disabling all but one etc., and the results were 
the same. Same 'weigh' behaviour with IntMap and Map.

So, if anyone knows and has some experience with such issues, my questions are:

1. Is 'weigh' package reliable/usable, at least to some extent? (the results do 
show diff between full, half and third)

2. How do you measure mem consumptions of your large data/records?

3. If the results are even approximately valid, what could cause such large 
discrepancies with 'data'?

4. Is there a way to see if some record has been freed from memory, GCed?

module Main where

import Prelude

import Control.DeepSeq     (NFData)
import Data.HashMap.Strict (HashMap, fromList)
import GHC.Generics        (Generic)
import Weigh               (mainWith, value)

data MapData k v = MapData (HashMap k v) deriving Generic
instance (NFData k, NFData v) => NFData (MapData k v)

full, half, third :: Int
full  = 10000
half  =  5000
third =  3333

main :: IO ()
main = mainWith $ do
   value "HashMap"       (          mkHMList full)
   value "HashMap half"  (          mkHMList half)
   value "HashMap third" (          mkHMList third)
   value "MapData"       (MapData $ mkHMList full)

mkHMList :: Int -> HashMap Int String
mkHMList n = fromList . zip [1..n] $ replicate n "some text"

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