[Haskell-cafe] Is the #functional programming paradigm antithetical to efficient strings? #Haskell

Branimir Maksimovic branimir.maksimovic at gmail.com
Wed Jul 13 11:41:09 UTC 2016

rust (no need for array but anyway)

[bmaxa at manjaro rust]$ time ./append
10000000 took 0.064016791
110000000 took 0.13466229

real    0m0.204s
user    0m0.167s
sys    0m0.033s

haskell (your fastest version)

[bmaxa at manjaro rust]$ time ./concat

real    0m0.224s
user    0m0.220s
sys    0m0.000s

c++ (no array)

[bmaxa at manjaro rust]$ time ./a.out

real    0m0.115s
user    0m0.100s
sys    0m0.013s


use std::time::*;

fn main() {
     let mut arr=Vec::new();
     let start = Instant::now();
     for _ in 0 .. 10_000_000 {
         arr.push("hello world");
     let end = start.elapsed();
     let diff = (end.as_secs()*1000000000 + end.subsec_nanos() as u64) 
as f64/1000000000.;
     println!("{} took {}",arr.len(),diff);
     let mut str = String::new();
     let start = Instant::now();
     for i in arr {
         str .push_str(i);
     let end = start.elapsed();
     let diff = (end.as_secs()*1000000000 + end.subsec_nanos() as u64) 
as f64/1000000000.;
     println!("{} took {}",str.len(),diff);


#include <stdio.h>
#include <string>

int main() {
     std::string tmp;
     for (int i=0;i<10000000;i++) {
         tmp += "hello world";

Model name:            Intel(R) Core(TM) i3-5005U CPU @ 2.00GHz

On 07/12/2016 05:36 AM, William Yager wrote:
> You picked the single slowest way to do it. Please see 
> https://gist.github.com/wyager/df063ad4edd9a9c8b0ab762c91a79894
> All times are on my Intel Atom Macbook. Compiled with -O3, no other 
> options.
> Using Lazy Bytestrings (either through the Builder interface or plain 
> old concatenation) is about 7-7.5 times faster than string 
> concatenation so on your computer it should take about 0.12 seconds. 
> In other words, faster than C.
> This is my usual experience with lazy bytestrings; due to their 
> optimization for cache size, they are extremely fast with almost no 
> effort. They often out-perform "fast" array operations in C due to 
> fusion and cache coherency.
> I will note that if you want to do exactly what C does (often with 
> only slightly different assembly output), you can often achieve this 
> with unboxed vectors (mutable or immutable, depending on your 
> application).
> --Will
> On Mon, Jul 11, 2016 at 10:24 PM, Richard A. O'Keefe 
> <ok at cs.otago.ac.nz <mailto:ok at cs.otago.ac.nz>> wrote:
>     Making a list of "Hello world" 10,000,000 times and then
>     concatenating that list to produce a single String took
>     0.87 seconds (start program to end program) in Haskell.
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