[Haskell-cafe] Injective type family on a sub domain
Guillaume Bouchard
guillaum.bouchard+haskell at gmail.com
Thu Dec 8 14:51:33 UTC 2016
Thank you,
Emil, your solution is really interesting and helped me to understand the
trick in the ST monad.
David, beautiful and generic solution, thank you.
Oleg, I live your solution because it does not leak the implementation
details of the eval function in the type. However this solution melted my
brain and I now have more question than I previously had. The most
important ones are:
- What about the unsafeCoerce, I don't really understand its need
- The case statement (in proof and add) let me think that the process is
done at runtime. However it is clear that it is a compile time process and
that the case always succeed. So I'm lost. Could you elaborate a bit on
this ?
Thank you.
Le jeu. 8 déc. 2016 à 11:31, Emil Axelsson <78emil at gmail.com> a écrit :
> A different way to achieve the guarantee you want is to let unification
> do the "oring" for you:
>
> {-# LANGUAGE GADTs #-}
> {-# LANGUAGE Rank2Types #-}
>
> {-# OPTIONS_GHC -fwarn-incomplete-patterns #-}
>
> data HasVar
>
> data Expr t where
> Add :: Expr x -> Expr x -> Expr x
> Lit :: Int -> Expr x
> Var :: Expr HasVar
>
> eval :: (forall x . Expr x) -> Int
> eval = go
> where
> go :: Expr () -> Int
> go (Add a b) = go a + go b
> go (Lit a) = a
>
> / Emil
>
> Den 2016-12-07 kl. 08:43, skrev Guillaume Bouchard:
> > Hi.
> >
> > I have the following GADT :
> >
> > -----------------------------
> > type family Or a b where
> > Or 'False 'False = 'False
> > Or _ _ = 'True
> >
> > data Expr t where
> > Add :: Expr t -> Expr t' -> Expr (Or t t')
> > Lit :: Int -> Expr 'False
> > Var :: Expr 'True
> > ----------------------
> >
> > The idea is that if the `Expr` contains a sub `Var`, its type is `Expr
> 'True`,
> > else it is `Expr 'False`.
> >
> > I now want to evaluate my expression, something like that :
> >
> > --------------
> > eval :: Expr t -> Int
> > eval (Lit i) = i
> > eval (Add a b) = eval a + eval b
> > eval Var = error "Cannot evaluate expression with variable"
> > ----------------
> >
> > Using the GADT I previously defined, I'm tempted to remove the
> impossible "Var"
> > case with :
> >
> > ---------------
> > eval' :: Expr 'False -> Int
> > eval' (Lit i) = i
> > eval' (Add a b) = eval' a + eval' b
> > ----------------
> >
> > However this does not typecheck because GHC cannot deduce that `a` and
> `b` are
> > `~ Expr 'False`. Because the type family `Or` is not injective.
> >
> > The wiki https://ghc.haskell.org/trac/ghc/wiki/InjectiveTypeFamilies
> classifies
> > injectives types families in three categories, but I don't think my `Or`
> appears
> > in any of them.
> >
> > Actually `Or` is injective only if `Or t t' ~ 'False` and in this case,
> we can
> > deduce that `t ~ 'False` and `t' ~ 'False`. I qualify it as a "partialy
> > injective type family".
> >
> > The type checker does not know that, hence my code does not compile.
> >
> > Is there a solution, other than writing a custom type checker plugin? Is
> there a
> > way to provide the inverse type family function, something such as:
> >
> > type family InverseOr a where
> > InverseOr 'False = ('False, 'False)
> >
> > Thank you.
> >
> > --
> > G.
> >
> >
> >
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> >
>
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