[Haskell-cafe] Observer pattern in haskell FRP

Nathan Hüsken nathan.huesken at posteo.de
Mon Nov 26 23:17:33 CET 2012


When writing games in other (imperative) languages, I like to separate
the game logic from the rendering. For this I use something similar to
the observer pattern.

With rendering I mean anything only related to how objects are drawn to
the screen. Animation state for example.

On my journey of exploring game programming with haskell (and FRP), I
wonder what a good way of archiving something similar would be.

If the rendering has no internal state, one can just write a function

draw :: GameLogicState -> IO ()

But when the rendering of an object has an internal state (e.g.
animation frame) than this is not possible.

Now I could write a Wire/Signal (whatever FRP implementation I use) that
translates to a RenderingState:

render :: Signal GameLogicState RenderingState
draw :: RenderingState -> IO ()

which is fine, except when my game is made of many objects.
Than I need to associate the state of one object in GameLogicState with
a sub-signal in render.
That could be done by giving every object an ID and letting
GameLogicState contain a map from IDs to ObjectLogicState.

I fear that when I really have a lot of objects, assembling and
decomposing the map could become a major bottleneck.

So I am wondering: Is there (or can someone think of) a different
pattern by which this could be archived? Or asked different: How would
you do it?


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