[Haskell-cafe] Using multiplate to get free variables from a syntax tree
Sjoerd Visscher
sjoerd at w3future.com
Sat Feb 25 20:47:26 CET 2012
I don't understand what you mean.
>>> ($[]) . foldFor expr freeVariablesPlate $ Add (Let ("x" := Con 1) (Add (EVar "x") (EVar "y"))) (EVar "x")
(["y","x"],[])
I.e. free variables y and x, no bound variables. Is that not correct?
Sjoerd
On Feb 25, 2012, at 7:15 PM, Thomas Schilling wrote:
> That will give you the wrong answer for an expression like:
>
> (let x = 1 in x + y) + x
>
> Unless you do a renaming pass first, you will end up both with a bound
> "x" and a free "x".
>
> On 25 February 2012 16:29, Sjoerd Visscher <sjoerd at w3future.com> wrote:
>>
>> On Feb 24, 2012, at 10:09 PM, Stephen Tetley wrote:
>>
>>> I'm not familiar with Multiplate either, but presumably you can
>>> descend into the decl - collect the bound vars, then descend into the
>>> body expr.
>>
>>> Naturally you would need a monadic traversal
>>> rather than an applicative one...
>>
>>
>> It turns out the traversal is still applicative. What we want to collect are the free and the declared variables, given the bound variables. ('Let' will turn the declared variables into bound variables.) So the type is [Var] -> ([Var], [Var]). Note that this is a Monoid, thanks to the instances for ((->) r), (,) and []. So we can use the code from preorderFold, but add an exception for the 'Let' case.
>>
>> freeVariablesPlate :: Plate (Constant ([Var] -> ([Var], [Var])))
>> freeVariablesPlate = handleLet (varPlate `appendPlate` multiplate freeVariablesPlate)
>> where
>> varPlate = Plate {
>> expr = \x -> Constant $ \bounded -> ([ v | EVar v <- [x], v `notElem` bounded], []),
>> decl = \x -> Constant $ const ([], [ v | v := _ <- [x]])
>> }
>> handleLet plate = plate { expr = exprLet }
>> where
>> exprLet (Let d e) = Constant $ \bounded ->
>> let
>> (freeD, declD) = foldFor decl plate d bounded
>> (freeE, _) = foldFor expr plate e (declD ++ bounded)
>> in
>> (freeD ++ freeE, [])
>> exprLet x = expr plate x
>>
>> freeVars :: Expr -> [Var]
>> freeVars = fst . ($ []) . foldFor expr freeVariablesPlate
>>
>>>>> freeVars $ Let ("x" := Con 42) (Add (EVar "x") (EVar "y"))
>> ["y"]
>>
>> --
>> Sjoerd Visscher
>> https://github.com/sjoerdvisscher/blog
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
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>
>
>
> --
> Push the envelope. Watch it bend.
>
--
Sjoerd Visscher
https://github.com/sjoerdvisscher/blog
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