[Haskell-cafe] Cross-compilation x64 -> x86 easier under Ubuntu 11.10 with multiarch?

Michael Lazarev lazarev.michael at gmail.com
Thu Oct 13 20:26:13 CEST 2011

A quick follow-up

2011/10/13 Michael Lazarev <lazarev.michael at gmail.com>

> I used x64 edition of Ubuntu 11.10 for a while, and was able to run both
> 64-bit and 32-bit GHCs.
> Both GHCs were manually set-up (i.e. download; tar xvjf ...; ./configure
> --prefix=...; make install)
> All is needed is to install both versions of libgmp by "apt-get install
> libgmp3-dev lib32gmp-dev"
> 32-bit version runs ghci fine, but I actually cannot compile stuff with it.

It turns out that it is also possible to compile a 32-bit executable by
32-bit ghc under Ubuntu 11.10 x64. First, additional files supporting
compilation for different architectures in gcc must be installed by "sudo
apt-get install g++multilib". Second, one need to pass additional arguments
to ghc: "-opta -m32 -optl -m32". They are, in turn, passed to gcc assembler
and linker, respectively, telling them to build for 32-bit architecture.

Complete example:


$ sudo apt-get install lib32gmp-dev g++multilib

$ cat ./Test.hs
module Main where

import Control.Monad

getR :: Read r => IO r
getR = liftM read getLine

main = liftM2 (+) getR getR >>= print

$ /home/ml/local/ghc/7.0.4-32/bin/ghc --make ./Test.hs -opta -m32 -optl -m32
Linking Test ...

$ file ./Test
./Test: ELF 32-bit LSB executable, Intel 80386, version 1 (SYSV),
dynamically linked (uses shared libs), for GNU/Linux 2.6.15, not stripped


Hope that helps.
It is also interesting to find out how that works with "cabal build"
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