[Haskell-cafe] functional dependencies question

Patrick Browne patrick.browne at dit.ie
Thu Jul 1 08:11:45 EDT 2010

Does the following sum up the situation?
The class Num has subclasses containing various numeric types and the
literal 1 is a value for one or more of those types.
Hence the Haskell compiler says the instance 1) is OK.
But at run time, without the quantified (1:Int), the 1 could of more
than one type, which causes a problem.

Thanks for the quick and informative response,

Neil Brown wrote:
> On 01/07/10 12:37, Patrick Browne wrote:
>> Why do some cases such as 1) fail to run even if they are the only
>> instantiation.
>> -- 1) Compiles but does not run
>> instance LocatedAt  Int  String  where
>>   spatialLocation(1)="home"
> That instance is fine.  I presume the problem is that you are trying to
> run this function using "spatialLocation 1" as the function call.  The
> problem with that is that the "1" part has type Num a => a, i.e. it can
> be any Num type.  Even though you only have one instance, that's not
> used to constrain the type for "1".  The call "spatialLocation (1::Int)"
> works correctly.  Looking at your other examples, all the ones that
> don't work have a numeric type for the parameter, so I suspect it is the
> same issue throughout.
> Thanks,
> Neil.

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