[Haskell-cafe] General Advice Needed ..
Henk-Jan van Tuyl
hjgtuyl at chello.nl
Thu Jan 14 11:01:56 EST 2010
On Thu, 14 Jan 2010 15:38:26 +0100, Ian675 <adam_khan_rfc at hotmail.com>
wrote:
>
> Pretty much yeah.. Im going through the book and things like :
>
> Define a function rangeProduct which when given natural numbers m and n,
> returns the product m*(m+1)*....*(n-1)*n
>
> I got the solution from my lecture notes but I still dont understand it..
>
> rangeProduct :: Int -> Int -> Int
> rangeProduct m n
> | m > n = 0
> | m == n = m
> | otherwise = m * rangeProduct (m+1) n
>
I'll try to give a clear explanation of this function:
> rangeProduct :: Int -> Int -> Int
> rangeProduct m n
A function is defined with parameters m and n, both Int; the result of the
function is also an Int
> | m > n = 0
If m > n, the result is 0; the rest of the function definition will be
skipped
> | m == n = m
If m is not larger then n, evalution continues here; if m == n, the result
of the function is m
> | otherwise = m * rangeProduct (m+1) n
If previous predicates were False, this branch is evaluated ("otherwise"
is always True); the function calls itself with (m+1) as first parameter
The boolean expressions in this function are called "guards"; the right
hand side after the first guard that evaluates to True, will give the
result of the function.
Regards,
Henk-Jan van Tuyl
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