[Haskell-cafe] Question about memory usage

Sebastian Fischer sebf at informatik.uni-kiel.de
Tue Aug 17 02:59:29 EDT 2010

On Aug 17, 2010, at 12:33 AM, Jason Dagit wrote:

> So next I would use heap profiling to find out where and what type  
> of data the calculation is using.

I did.

> I would do heap profiling and look at the types.

All retained data is of type ARR_WORDS. Retainer profiling shows that  
the majority is retained by the cost center SYSTEM.

I suspected that a strict, tail recursive version of `matrixPower` may  
be more efficient and implemented it:


But it's worse. Still, the only retained data is of type ARR_WORDS  
mostly retained by SYSTEM but even more of it now. Additional bang  
patterns on `square` and `times` make no difference.

I wonder whether the numbers in a single step of the computation  
occupy all the memory or whether old numbers are retained although  
they shouldn't be. Are (even large) Integers evaluated completely when  
forcing their head-normal form?

Any insight of a performance guru is welcome ;)


[off topic post scriptum]

On Aug 16, 2010, at 6:03 PM, Jacques Carette wrote:

> Any sequence of numbers given by a linear recurrence equation with  
> constant coefficients can be computed quickly using asymptotically  
> efficient matrix operations.  In fact, the code to do this can be  
> derived automatically from the recurrence itself.

This is neat. Is it always M^n for some matrix M? How does it work?

Underestimating the novelty of the future is a time-honored tradition.

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