[Haskell-cafe] Re: Metaprogramming in Haskell vs. Ocaml
carette at mcmaster.ca
Tue Apr 6 09:37:59 EDT 2010
One thing I should have mentionned - TH and camlp4 are really
equivalents. And camlp4 is as-typed-as TH (or not, depending on your
point of view). I am co-author of a camlp4 extension, and I must admit
that coding in camlp4 was not enjoyable, while coding in metaocaml
[I see that Nicolas Pouillard just answered the question about new type
definitions, etc, as I was typing this answer]
Heinrich Apfelmus wrote:
> It seems to me that metaocaml is more used as "user annotated" partial
I see most of my uses of metaocaml as code generation (building 'up'
code from pieces by making explicit design choices) rather than
classical partial evaluation (specializing code). Others would argue
that these two activities are really the same thing -- and I would not
really disagree! It's just that in my cases the 'specialization' is not
driven by the partial evaluator at all, it is fully driven by the user
[through explicit decisions of which modules/functors to use]. This
requires a very different code organization, which is why I make the
difference between the two approaches.
The Haskell analogy: I write tons and tons of typeclass-level 'code',
including typeclasses for type constructors (and type constructor
transformers and ...) but then I ensure that whenever these are used, it
can be statically determined exactly which instance should be used, and
100% of the dispatch overhead is eliminated AND I get full control over
which methods get inlined in the final code. It is that 'full control'
aspect which gets you reliable efficiency from highly abstract code.
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