[Haskell-cafe] Re: Completely confused by cabal
barsoap at web.de
Sun Mar 22 07:19:36 EDT 2009
Colin Paul Adams <colin at colina.demon.co.uk> wrote:
> Achim> uh... because you're a mere user and don't have the rights
> Achim> to do so?
> No, I own the machine.
Well, but it neither knows nor cares, unless you log in as root.
"colin" isn't allowed to write to /usr/local/lib/ghc-6.11.20090319/ .
root's and colin's home directories are distinct, as well, that's why
both need to do cabal update to install stuff: Users can't read root
(or any other user's) home directories; root could read colin's home
directory, but musn't trust any data in it, as colin could use that
trust to weasel root access.
> I can't. It doesn't provide up-to-date ghc and things.
<insert snappy switch-to-gentoo comment here>
> Achim> programs with your user account, inside your home
> Achim> directory, is perfectly acceptable (and traditional) under
> Achim> unix.
> But it means I have to install everyhting twice - once as --user, once
> as --global.
No, you don't, the database ghc uses to compile stuff is a union of
both databases, user installs overriding global installs. Assuming that
you're the machine's only user, you only ever need to install stuff as
ksf at solaris ~ % ghc-pkg list
Cabal-220.127.116.11, HTTP-3001.1.4, QuickCheck-18.104.22.168,
QuickCheck-22.214.171.124, X11-1.4.4, X11-xft-0.3, array-0.2.0.0,
base-126.96.36.199, base-188.8.131.52, binary-0.4.4, bytestring-0.9.1.4,
cairo-0.10.0, containers-0.2.0.0, directory-184.108.40.206,
editline-0.2.1.0, filepath-220.127.116.11, filepath-18.104.22.168, gconf-0.10.0,
(ghc-6.10.1), ghc-paths-0.1.0.5, ghc-prim-0.1.0.0, glade-0.10.0,
glib-0.10.0, gtk-0.10.0, gtkglext-0.10.0, gtksourceview2-0.10.0,
haddock-2.4.1, haskell-src-22.214.171.124, haskell98-126.96.36.199, hpc-0.5.0.2,
html-188.8.131.52, integer-0.1.0.0, mozembed-0.10.0, mtl-184.108.40.206,
network-220.127.116.11, old-locale-18.104.22.168, old-time-22.214.171.124,
packedstring-0.1.0.1, parsec-3.0.0, pretty-126.96.36.199,
process-188.8.131.52, random-184.108.40.206, readline-220.127.116.11,
regex-base-0.93.1, regex-compat-0.92, regex-posix-0.93.2, rts-1.0,
soegtk-0.10.0, stm-18.104.22.168, svgcairo-0.10.0, syb-0.1.0.0,
template-haskell-22.214.171.124, unix-126.96.36.199, utf8-string-0.3.3,
MemoTrie-0.4.3, bytestring-mmap-0.2.0, bytestring-trie-0.1.4,
extensible-exceptions-0.1.1.0, ipprint-0.3, iteratee-0.1.1,
I basically did emerge cabal-install to bootstrap my installation, then
emerge gtk2hs as it's not available via hackage. Then, I install what
I need to hack as user using cabal install. (I recently nuked my
~/.cabal and ~/.ghc, that's why the user database is that small).
Installing ghc as user works equally well.
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