[Haskell-cafe] DSLs with {in,}equalities
John A. De Goes
john at n-brain.net
Tue Mar 3 07:15:00 EST 2009
Workarounds for the lack of linguistic overloading. :-)
Regards,
John A. De Goes
N-BRAIN, Inc.
The Evolution of Collaboration
http://www.n-brain.net | 877-376-2724 x 101
On Mar 3, 2009, at 12:52 AM, Lennart Augustsson wrote:
> I often hide the Prelude and import my own Prelude which reexports the
> old Prelude, but with these changes.
> It's still not ideal, by far.
>
> -- Lennart
>
> class Boolean b where
> false, true :: b
> (&&), (||) :: b -> b -> b
> not :: b -> b
>
> instance Boolean Bool where
> false = False
> true = True
> (&&) = (P.&&)
> (||) = (P.||)
> not = P.not
>
> class (Boolean b) => Eq a b where
> (==), (/=) :: a -> a -> b
> x /= y = not (x == y)
>
> instance (P.Eq a) => Eq a Bool where
> (==) = (P.==)
> (/=) = (P./=)
>
> class (Eq a b) => Ord a b where
> (<), (<=), (>), (>=) :: a -> a -> b
>
> instance (P.Ord a) => Ord a Bool where
> (<) = (P.<)
> (<=) = (P.<=)
> (>) = (P.>)
> (>=) = (P.>=)
>
> class (Boolean b) => Conditional a b where
> (?) :: b -> (a, a) -> a
>
> instance Conditional a Bool where
> c ? (t, e) = if c then t else e
>
>
> On Tue, Mar 3, 2009 at 4:13 AM, Andrew Hunter <ahunter at cs.hmc.edu>
> wrote:
>> Several times now I've had to define an EDSL for working with
>> (vaguely) numeric expressions. For stuff like 2*X+Y, this is easy,
>> looking pretty much like:
>>
>>> data Expr = Const Integer | Plus Expr Expr | Times Expr Expr
>>>
>>> instance Num Expr where
>>> fromInterger = Const
>>> (+) = Plus
>>> (*) = Times
>>
>> &c. This lets me get a perfectly nice AST, which is what I want.
>> When I want to be able to express and work with inequalities and
>> equalities, this breaks. Suppose I want to write 2*X + Y < 3. I
>> either have to:
>>
>> a) Hide Prelude.(<) and define a simple < that builds the AST term
>> I want.
>> b) Come up with a new symbol for it that doesn't look totally awful.
>>
>> Neither of these work decently well. Hiding Eq and Ord operators,
>> which is what I effectively have to do for a), is pretty much a
>> nonstarter--we'll have to use them too much for that to be practical.
>>
>> On the other hand, b) works...but is about as ugly as it gets. We
>> have lots and lots of symbols that are already taken for important
>> purposes that are syntactically "near" <,<=,==, and the like: << and
>>>> and >>= for monads, >>> for arrows, etc. There...are not good
>> choices that I know of for the symbols that don't defeat the purpose
>> of making a nice clean EDSL for expressions; I might as well use
>> 3*X +
>> Y `lessthan` 3, which is just not cool.
>>
>> Does anyone know of a good solution, here? Are there good
>> substitutions for all the six operators that are important
>> (<,>,>=,<=,==,/=), that are close enough to be pretty-looking but not
>> used for other important modules?
>>
>> Better yet, though a little harder, is there a nice type trick I'm
>> not
>> thinking of? This works for Num methods but not for Ord methods
>> because:
>>
>> (+) :: (Num a) => a -> a -> a
>> (<) :: (Ord a) => a -> a -> Bool
>>
>> i.e. the return type of comparisons is totally fixed. I don't
>> suppose
>> there's a good way to...well, I don't know what the *right* answer
>> is,
>> but maybe define a new typeclass with a more flexible type for < that
>> lets both standard types return Bool and my expressions return Expr?
>> Any good solution would be appreciated.
>>
>> Thanks,
>> AHH
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