[Haskell-cafe] nooby question on typing
Ryan Ingram
ryani.spam at gmail.com
Sat Sep 13 14:40:11 EDT 2008
So it sounds like what you want to do is this:
rulesList =
[ Ru 'a' someExpr someFilePos
, Sg someFilePos (Gc someOtherFilePos someMorphism someExpr) "hello" (a,b)
]
(This won't compile because Ru and Sg construct different types.)
You have a few options to do this:
1) Move the constructors into the "Rule" type. This means you don't
get functions that only apply to "RuRule", or any of the other types
without them being partial and subject to runtime error, so this may
not be safe enough for you. But it is the simplest answer.
> data Rule = Ru { rrst :: Char, other stuff... } | Sg { ... } | ...
2) Smart constructors!
> data Rule = MkRu RuRule | MkSg SgRule | ...
> ru a b c = MkRu (Ru a b c)
> ...
Now just use the lowercase "ru" instead of "Ru" to construct a "Rule"
(instead of the specific rule type).
rulesList =
[ ru 'a' someExpr someFilePos
, sg someFilePos (Gc someOtherFilePos someMorphism someExpr) "hello" (a,b)
]
This will work! You will still need the "MkRu (Ru a b c)" if you
pattern match on Rule, though.
3) dynamic typing and/or existential types, with smart constructors
> {-# LANGUAGE ExistentialQuantification, DeriveDataTypeable, PatternGuards #-}
> import Data.Typeable
> data RuRule = Ru { ... } deriving (Eq, Show, Typeable)
> ...
> class Typeable a => IsRule a
> instance IsRule RuRule
> instance IsRule GcRule
> ...
> data Rule = forall a. IsRule a => Rule a
> ru a b c = Rule (Ru a b c)
> unRu :: Rule -> Maybe RuRule
> unRu (Rule x) = cast x
> ...
> -- example of pattern matching using pattern guards as "views"
> test :: Rule -> Bool
> test x
> | Just (Ru _ _ _) <- unRu x = True
> | Just (Sg _ x2 _ _) <- unSg x,
> Just (Ru a _ _) <- unRu x2 = a == 'h'
> | otherwise = False
Hopefully one of these will suit your needs!
-- ryan
On Sat, Sep 13, 2008 at 6:49 AM, Han Joosten <j.m.m.joosten at hccnet.nl> wrote:
>
> Hi,
>
> I have a question about types in Haskell. I feel that I am overlooking some
> obvious solution, but I do not manage to get it right. Here is the plot:
>
> I have got 4 different types of 'rules', each with it's own constructor. So
> i defined:
>
>> type Rules = [Rule]
>> data Rule = RuRule
>> | SgRule
>> | GcRule
>> | FrRule
>> deriving (Eq,Show)
>> data RuRule
>> = Ru { rrsrt :: Char
>> , rrant :: Expression
>> , rrfps :: FilePos
>> } deriving (Eq,Show)
>> data SgRule
>> = Sg { srfps :: FilePos
>> , srsig :: Rule
>> , srxpl :: String
>> , srtyp :: (Concept,Concept)
>> } deriving (Eq,Show)
>> data GcRule
>> = Gc { grfps :: FilePos
>> , grspe :: Morphism
>> , grgen :: Expression
>> } deriving (Eq,Show)
>> data FrRule
>> = Fr { fraut :: AutType
>> , frdec :: Declaration
>> , frcmp :: Expression
>> , frpat :: String
>> } deriving (Eq,Show)
>
> Now I would like to be able to use these rules without knowing what kind
> they are, in lists, however i get errors like
> Couldn't match expected type `Rule' against inferred type `SgRule'.
> Is there any other (even trivial?) way to get this done? I know Haskell well
> enough to know that it is possible, but I don not know Haskell well enough
> to know how to do it :teeth:
>
> Any help is kindly appreciated!
>
> Han Joosten
> --
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>
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