[Haskell-cafe] [ANN] Haskell Cheatsheet v1.0
dino at ui3.info
Sat Oct 11 09:43:40 EDT 2008
On Fri, 10 Oct 2008, Justin Bailey wrote:
> I've created a "cheat sheet" for Haskell. It's a PDF that tries to
> summarize Haskell 98's syntax, keywords and other language elements.
> It's currently available on hackage. Once downloaded, unpack the
> archive and you'll see the PDF. A literate source file is also
> The audience for this document is beginning to intermediate Haskell
> programmers. I found it difficult to look up some of the less-used
> syntax and other language stumbling blocks as I learned Haskell over
> the last few years, so I hope this document can help others in the
>  http://hackage.haskell.org/cgi-bin/hackage-scripts/package/CheatSheet
>  git://github.com/m4dc4p/cheatsheet.git
Justin (and everyone now contributing to this), thanks. This type of
thing is very helpful. There is a well-known one-page cheat-sheet like
this for Perl5 (and a newer one for Perl6 too). You can see it by typing
`perldoc perlcheat` on a system with Perl.
I wonder if we don't need something like that.
On a related note, I had come up with this short list to help with how
to read the Haskell symbols.
I email this out when trying to get new people started:
One thing that I found very difficult at first was how to read a lot of
the symbols in the Haskell code. I made up a small cheat-sheet that
explains how to read some of it:
Some definitions of Haskell symbols:
:: "has type"
-> "to" The type 'Integer -> Integer' takes Integer as an argument
and evaluates to an Integer. We say this type is
"Integer to Integer"
=> "evaluates" or "reduces to"
Used in function type signatures, read something like this:
foo :: (Bar b) => b -> c
For all instances of type class Bar (here referred to as b),
foo is a function from b to c. Or foo "has type" b to c.
[a] "list of a" The family of types consisting of, for every type
a, the type of lists of a.
: "cons" List cons operator, adds first argument to the front of
second, part of the List monad:
(:) :: a -> [a] -> [a]
Read: cons has type a to list of a to list of a
!! List index operator [ 1, 2, 3 ] !! 1 = 2 (lists are 0-based)
(!!) :: [a] -> Int -> a
Read: (!!) has type list of a to Int to a
| "such that"
<- "drawn from"
>>= "bind" Part of class Monad
>> "then" Part of class Monad
Dino Morelli email: dino at ui3.info web: http://ui3.info/d/ irc: dino-
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