[Haskell-cafe] Shouldnt this be lazy too?
Lennart Augustsson
lennart at augustsson.net
Mon Sep 24 18:08:34 EDT 2007
Since natural numbers are trivial to implement (inefficiently) I took 15
minutes and added them to my numbers package in Hackage.
http://hackage.haskell.org/cgi-bin/hackage-scripts/package/numbers-2007.9.24
-- Lennart
On 9/24/07, Andrew Coppin <andrewcoppin at btinternet.com> wrote:
>
> Neil Mitchell wrote:
> > Hi
> >
> >
> >>> Pretty much, yes.
> >>>
> >>>
> >> So I just need to write
> >>
> >> newtype LazyNatural = LazyNatural [()]
> >>
> >
> > or
> >
> > data Nat = Zero | Succ Nat
> >
> > it's your choice really.
> >
>
> I'm guessing there's going to be fairly minimal performance difference.
> (Or maybe there is. My way uses a few additional pointers. But it also
> allows me to elegantly recycle existing Prelude list functions, so...)
>
> >> and then add some suitable instances. ;-)
> >>
> >
> > Yes. Lots of them. Lots of instances and lots of methods.
> >
> >
> >> Hey, the "length" function would then just be
> >>
> >> ln_length :: [x] -> LazyNatural
> >> ln_length = LazyNatural . map (const ())
> >>
> >> Ooo, that's hard.
> >>
> >
> > Nope, its really easy. Its just quite a bit of work filling in all the
> > instances. I bet you can't do it and upload the results to hackage
> > within 24 hours :-)
> >
>
> *ALL* the instances? No.
>
> A small handful of them? Sure. How about this...
>
>
>
> module LazyNatural (LazyNatural ()) where
>
> import Data.List
>
> newtype LazyNatural = LN [()]
>
> instance Show LazyNatural where
> show (LN x) = "LN " ++ show (length x)
>
> instance Eq LazyNatural where
> (LN x) == (LN y) = x == y
>
>
> instance Ord LazyNatural where
> compare (LN x) (LN y) = raw_compare x y
>
> raw_compare ([]) (_:_) = LT
> raw_compare ([]) ([]) = EQ
> raw_compare (_:_) ([]) = GT
> raw_compare (_:x) (_:y) = raw_compare x y
>
>
> instance Num LazyNatural where
> (LN x) + (LN y) = LN (x ++ y)
> (LN x) - (LN y) = LN (raw_minus x y)
> (LN x) * (LN y) = LN (concatMap (const x) y)
> negate _ = error "negate is not defined for LazyNatural"
> abs = id
> signum (LN []) = LN []
> signum (LN _) = LN [()]
> fromInteger = LN . flip genericReplicate ()
>
> raw_minus (_:a) (_:b) = raw_minus a b
> raw_minus (a) ([]) = a
> raw_minus _ _ = error "negative result from subtraction"
>
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