[Haskell-cafe] Fun with Haskell, runST, MArray, and a few queens.

Michael Wang Michael.Wang at synopsys.com
Thu Mar 4 12:50:33 EST 2004

Try this Queens.hs

module Main where

main  = print $ queens 10

boardSize = 10

queens 0 = [[]]
queens n = [ x : y | y <- queens (n-1), x <- [1..boardSize], safe x y 1]
         safe x [] n = True
         safe x (c:y) n = and [ x /= c , x /= c + n , x /= c - n , safe x y

Copied from somebody else.

-----Original Message-----
From: haskell-cafe-bounces at haskell.org
[mailto:haskell-cafe-bounces at haskell.org]On Behalf Of David Sankel
Sent: Thursday, March 04, 2004 12:19 PM
To: haskell-cafe at haskell.org
Subject: [Haskell-cafe] Fun with Haskell, runST, MArray, and a few

Hello Enthusiasts,

  My fiancee was assigned the n-queens problem in her Data Structures class.
It was a study in backtracking.  For those unfamiliar with the problem: one
is given a grid of n x n.  Return a grid with n queens on it where no queen
can be attacked by another.

  Anyway, I decided to try an implementation in Haskell (as I often do with
her assignments).  Instead of the imperative approach (adding a queen and
then getting rid of it), I opted for a functional one (the grid is passed to
recursive calls, etc.).

  The interesting thing about this assignment is the runtimes:

ghc      58.749s
ghc -O   12.580s
javac     1.088s

  The Haskell version takes significantly longer (and it gets worse for
larger inputs).  So it seems that imperative algorithms are much better for
certain problems.

  Since Haskell is supposed to have the ability to run imperative
I was wondering if any of you could explain how runST and MArray could be
used to solve this problem (or is there a better way?).  I am also
in the run times you get with these two implementations of the n-queens


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