[Haskell-cafe] Closed Classes
camarao at dcc.ufmg.br
camarao at dcc.ufmg.br
Thu Aug 12 20:53:31 EDT 2004
Informally, what I see as the defining rule for "closed world" is: "an
expression is typed according to the set of definitions that are
visible in the context in which it is used". Other possibilities
exist, but the nice thing about this is that it is an extension of
what happens without overloading.
With this definition, given
_______________________ __________________________
| module X (f,g) where | | module Y where |
| | | |
| class A a where | | import X |
| f :: a -> a | | |
| instance A Int where | | instance A Float where |
| f = id | | f x = x + 1.0 |
| | | |
| g x = f x | | h x = g x |
------------------------- --------------------------
we would infer: g::Int (since the context in g's definition has only
f:Int) and thus h::Int in Y (since the context in h's definition has
only one g::Int). If "h" was defined as "h x = f x" in Y, *then* it
would have a polymorphic type (because there are two instances of "f"
in Y).
Carlos
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