Type checker's expected and inferred types (reformatted)
Isaac Dupree
ml at isaac.cedarswampstudios.org
Sun Oct 25 13:37:33 EDT 2009
David Menendez wrote:
> The expected type is what the context wants (it's *ex*ternal). The
> inferred type is what the expression itself has (it's *in*ternal).
>
> So inferring the type Maybe () for bar seems wrong.
well, maybe GHC just gets it wrong enough of the time, that I got confused.
Or maybe ... When there are bound variables interacting, on the inside
and outside, it gets confusing.
ghci:
Prelude> \x -> (3+x) + (length x)
<interactive>:1:15:
Couldn't match expected type `[a]' against inferred type `Int'
In the second argument of `(+)', namely `(length x)'
In the expression: (3 + x) + (length x)
In the expression: \ x -> (3 + x) + (length x)
Your explanation of "expected" and "inferred" could make sense to me if
the error message followed the "Couldn't match" line with, instead,
"In the first argument of `length', namely `x'"
because 'length' gives the context of expected list-type, but we've
found out from elsewhere (a vague word) that 'x' needs to have type Int.
If we flip around the expression-order, we get
Prelude> \x -> (length x) + (3+x)
<interactive>:1:20:
Couldn't match expected type `Int' against inferred type `[a]'
In the second argument of `(+)', namely `(3 + x)'
In the expression: (length x) + (3 + x)
In the expression: \ x -> (length x) + (3 + x)
...and yes, technically your explanation of expected/inferred works. But
the location/parity depends on the evaluation-order that the type
checker uses. The error messages don't seem to specify location
precisely enough that I can easily use the information about which type
is the 'expected' type and which type is the 'inferred' one. There are
usually more chains of inference, let-clauses, etc. through which a
contradiction is found, that muddy the issue.
hmm. Yes, I think I would appreciate for error messages to tell me
exactly which piece of the expression is expected/inferred to be those
types. (Is this always a sensible question? or are there sometimes
typing-conflicts that can't be / aren't reduced to the expected/inferred
type of a particular expression in the code?)
-Isaac
More information about the Glasgow-haskell-users
mailing list