Linking to Haskell code from an external program

Colin Paul Adams colin at
Sat Nov 15 07:10:12 EST 2008

I am trying to call a Haskell function from an Eiffel program, using C
as an intermediary. 

For starters, I compiled and ran a variation of the program shown in, to make sure I
had the C-code right.

I then attempted to move it into Eiffel. I can compile the C code OK,
but I'm running into problems with linking.

I solved most of the problems by adding the -v flag to the call to ghc
which I used to link the original (haskell + c only) program, and
cut-and-paste the linker options from their into the Eiffel
configuration file. This isn't really satisfactory - I would like some
automatic way to determine what the flags should be.

The remaining problem has me stumped. I am getting the following

big_file_C4_c.c:(.text+0x9f4f): undefined reference to `__stginit_Fib'
/home/colin/fib/Fib_stub.o: In function `stginit_export_Fib_zdffibonaccizuhszuaQO':
Fib_stub.c:(.text+0x5): undefined reference to `Fib_zdffibonaccizuhszuaQO_closure'
/home/colin/fib/Fib_stub.o: In function `fibonacci_hs':
Fib_stub.c:(.text+0x32): undefined reference to `Fib_zdffibonaccizuhszuaQO_closure'

The Haskell code looks like this:

>{-# LANGUAGE ForeignFunctionInterface #-}
>    module Fib where
>    import Foreign.C.Types
>    import CString
>    fibonacci :: Int -> String
>    fibonacci n = show (fibs !! n)
>        where fibs = 0 : 1 : zipWith (+) fibs (tail fibs)
>    fibonacci_hs :: CInt -> IO CString
>    fibonacci_hs = newCString . fibonacci . fromIntegral
>    foreign export ccall fibonacci_hs :: CInt -> IO CString

And the C code (in an Eiffel wrapper) looks like this:

haskell_fib (n: INTEGER): POINTER is
            -- String representation of `n'th Fibonacci number as a string
  external "C inline use <stdio.h>,%"HsFFI.h%""
  alias "[
#include "Fib_stub.h"
extern void __stginit_Fib ( void );

              int argc;
              char *argv[0];
              argc = 0;
              hs_init(&argc, &argv);
              return (fibonacci_hs($n));

I can't find any mention of the word "fibonacci" in the output from
the ghc run, and I don't know where this _closure stuff is coming
from. Can you help?
Colin Adams
Preston Lancashire

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