[GHC DevOps Group] Welcome to GitLab!
ben at well-typed.com
Thu Dec 27 06:27:40 UTC 2018
TL;DR. https://gitlab.haskell.org/ghc/ghc.git is now the official
upstream GHC repository. Various introductory notes are
discussed. Let me know if you have any trouble.
Also, please do verify the correctness of the email address
associated with your Trac account in the next few weeks. It will
be used to map users when we transition Trac tickets to GitLab.
I am happy to announce that CI on GHC's GitLab instance  is now
stable. At this point https://gitlab.haskell.org/ghc/ghc.git is to be
considered the official upstream repository of GHC.
The rest of this email is meant to serve as a brief introduction and
status update. It can also be viewed on the GitLab Wiki .
# Getting started
To get started on GitLab you will first want to either create a new account
 or login with your GitHub credentials .
Once you have an account you should add an SSH key  so that you can push
to your repositories. If you currently have commit rights to GHC notify me
(Ben Gamari) of your user name so I can grant you similar rights in GitLab.
# Updating your development environment
You can updated existing working directory (assuming the usual upstream
remote name of `origin`) for the new upstream repository location by
running the following:
git remote set-url origin https://gitlab.haskell.org/ghc/ghc.git
git remote set-url --push origin git at gitlab.haskell.org:ghc/ghc
This is all that should be necessary; a quick `git pull origin master`
should verify that everything is working as expected.
# Continuous integration
Continuous integration is now provided by GitLab's native continuous
integration infrastructure. We currently test a variety of
configurations, including many that neither Phabricator nor
CircleCI/Appveyor previously tested (see  for an example run):
* With the make build system:
* x86_64/Linux on Fedora 27, Debian 8, and Debian 9
* i386/Linux on Debian 9
* aarch64/Linux on Debian 9 (currently broken due to a variety of
* x86_64/Linux on Debian 9 in a few special configurations:
* unregisterised (still a bit fragile due to #16085)
* building GHC with -fllvm
* With Hadrian:
* x86_64/Linux on Debian 9
* x86_64/Windows (currently broken due to #15950)
We also run a slightly larger set of jobs on a nightly basis. Note that
binary distributions are saved from most builds and are available for
download for a few weeks (we may put in place a longer retention policy
for some builds in the future).
There are admittedly a few kinks that we are still working out,
particularly in the case of Windows (specifically the long build times
seen on Windows). If you suspect you are seeing spurious build failures
do let us know.
To make the best use of our limited computational resources our CI
builds occur in three stages:
* lint: the style and correctness checkers which would previously be
run by `arc lint` and `git push`
* build: Debian 9 Linux x86_64 built with make and Hadrian
* full-build: the remaining configurations
If a build fails at an earlier phase no further phases will be run.
# Structuring your merge request
With the transition to GitLab GHC is moving to a model similar to that
used by GitHub. If you have a Differential on Phabricator we will finish
review there. However, please post new patches as merge requests on
Note that Phabricator and GitLab have quite different models for
handling patches. Under Phabricator a Differential is a single patch
with no further structure; larger changes can be composed of multiple
Under GitLab's model a merge request is a git branch consisting of
one or more patches. Larger changes can be handled in one of two ways:
a. a set of dependent merge requests, each of which to be squashed when
b. a single branch with each atomic change made in a single, buildable
Due to the difficulty of maintaining dependent merge requests, I would
recommend that contributors making larger changes use method (b).
# Submitting your merge request for review
Depending upon whether you have push rights to the GHC repository there
are two ways to submit a merge request:
* if you have push access you can push a branch directly to
git at gitlab.haskell.org:ghc/ghc.git and open merge request.
In this case please do follow the usual branch naming conventions:
* prefix all branch names with `wip/`
* if you are fixing a particular ticket consider using the name
* if not you can create a fork using the "Fork" button on the project
page  and push your branch there
In either case after you have pushed your branch open a merge request
against ghc/ghc .
# Reviewing and merging merge requests
As always, all contributors are encouraged to help review proposed
changes. If you are unfamiliar with GitLab's review interface please see
GitLab's user documentation . Here are a few quick highlights for
those who are familiar with GitHub but haven't yet used GitLab:
* As with GitHub, GitLab supports both inline and out-of-line comments.
* Comments that are actionable (known as "discussions") can be marked
as resolved and collapsed.
* Comments can be left on both changed and unchanged lines
* Revisions of a merge request can be viewed and compared using the
two drop-down menus at the top of the Changes tab
* Merge requests can require approvals from particular users before
considered as mergable
* Merge requests can be placed in "merge when CI passes" state, which
will cause merge requests to be merged as soon as they are green
From this point onward all changes to GHC will be merged via
GitLab's merge requests facility and must pass CI before being merged.
To ensure that GHC's git history remains linear ghc/ghc will use GitLab's
"fast-forward without a merge commit" merge strategy. Consequently you
will be asked to rebase merge requests which are not fast-forward merges
before merging (a convenient "Rebase" button will appear if the rebase
can be carried out without conflicts.
# Status of the Trac migration
Tobias will be continuing work on the Trac ticket migration after a bit
of a holiday break. Hopefully by mid-January we will be able to move
forward on this part of the migration; I will share more details about
this as they develop.
In the meantime, users of Trac should check and possibly update the
email address associated with their account . This address will be
used to correlate Trac users with their GitLab equivalents so the
correctness of this address will be important in preserving attribution
information during the Trac import.
# Next steps
We are actively working on cleaning up a few remaining issues with CI:
* build times are still very long on Windows, despite the fact that we
are only building the `quick` build flavour on that platform;
consequently GitLab CI Windows builds do sometimes timeout
when we are faced with long build queues.
* we at times run low on disk space on our Windows builder runners,
resulting in occasional spurious build failures
* Appveyor builds (which are supposed to supplement the native GitLab
builds) rarely seem to finish
GitLab upstream has been incredibly supportive of our transition effort
and has expressed interest in assisting us with issues that we
encounter. Our current requests can be found on our migration effort's
tracking ticket . If you find any additional bugs or workflows that
could be improved please do let me know and I can raise the matter with
I would like to acknowledge several parties for their contributions to
* Packet.net and Google X for their generous donation of hosting for
continuous integration and web hosting
* GitLab and their Open Source program for many productive discussions,
their generous support, and the GitLab Ultimate license used by
* Davean Scies for his help procuring the hosting services that power
our continuous integration.
* Tweag.io for their offer of help and advice
* Matthew Pickering, Alp Mestangullari, Tobias Dammers for their work
in setting up the new instance, sorting out the details of the
migration, and debugging problems when they arose
Finally, thanks to GHC's contributors for their patience during this
transition; it has been a long process which has stolen a significant
amount of attention from other matters. My apologies we have been a bit
less responsive than usual in code review and ticket triage over the
past month or two. Regardless, I am hopeful that this wait will be
# Final thoughts
This is not only a milestone for the GitLab migration but also for GHC
itself. For the first time GHC has fully-automated testing, proposed
patch CI, and release generation across the full range of Tier 1
configurations it supports, with passing builds in all cases.
We are very excited to begin this next chapter of GHC's development and
are looking forward to your feedback on how we can further improve our
new infrastructure. Onward and upwards!
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