[Haskell-beginners] Fwd: IO String and String using readFile
ian at zenhack.net
Wed Mar 27 04:02:49 UTC 2019
Ah, in that case you'll need the type to be
String -> IO [Int]
In Haskell, functions *only* do computation -- no side effects, like
reading a file. So a String -> [Int] can't do what you want. We have a
separate type, IO, for doing things that affect the outside world. For
ghci> :type readFile
readFile :: FilePath -> IO String
Also, just a style tip: there's a type alias for String defined called
FilePath, which would make the type signature more clear in this case.
Quoting Yugesh Kothari (2019-03-26 23:54:40)
> Extremely sorry,
> The definition of fromFile is String -> [Int] where input parameter is
> the name of the file.
> ---------- Forwarded message ---------
> From: Yugesh Kothari <kothariyugesh at gmail.com>
> Date: Wed, 27 Mar, 2019, 9:18 AM
> Subject: Re: [Haskell-beginners] IO String and String using readFile
> Cc: <beginners at haskell.org>
> I see. anyway, my use case is something like this-
> I have two functions
> fromFile :: [String] -> [Int]
> func :: String -> [Int]
> I want to use the "words contents" output and pass each element in it
> to func and send back [Int] from "fromFile" function (where I
> originally read the file.)
> Could you suggest a better way to do this?
> Quoting� Ian Denhardt
> On Wed, 27 Mar, 2019, 9:13 AM Ian Denhardt, <ian at zenhack.net> wrote:
> It would help to see the complete source file, but I'll hazard a
> you're doing something like:
> main = do
> � � contents <- readFile "file.txt"
> � � words contents
> At the GHCi prompt, each line can be any expression, and GHCi will
> evaluate it and then display it. The two lines in your session
> really related.
> In contrast, the do block in the source file expects the expression
> the end to be an IO action.
> What do you want your program to do when you get to "words
> display it? (If you want to display it, pass it to `print`).
> Quoting Yugesh Kothari (2019-03-26 23:35:14)
> >� � Hi,�
> >� � I am trying to read data from a file.
> >� � When I do-
> >� � ghci> contents <- readFile "file.txt"
> >� � ghci> words contents
> >� � Then everything works.
> >� � The same thing when done in a .hs file gives an IO String vs
> >� � error.
> >� � Why is that so?
> 1. mailto:kothariyugesh at gmail.com
> 2. mailto:beginners at haskell.org
> 3. mailto:ian at zenhack.net
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