[Haskell-beginners] Semigroup Instances
Atrudyjane
atrudyjane at protonmail.com
Thu Jan 26 21:55:12 UTC 2017
I'm currently studying semigroups and trying to figure out how to determine which type variables need a semigroup instance. Here are a couple of examples from Evan Cameron's github (https://github.com/leshow/haskell-programming-book/blob/master/src/Ch15ex.hs):
(1)
data Validation a b
= Failure a
| Success b
deriving (Eq, Show)
instance Semigroup a => Semigroup (Validation a b) where
Success a <> Success b = Success a
Failure a <> Success b = Success b
Success a <> Failure b = Success a
Failure a <> Failure b = Failure (a <> b)
* Why doesn't 'b' need an instance of semigroup?
(2)
newtype AccumulateRight a b = AccumulateRight (Validation a b) deriving (Eq, Show)
instance Semigroup b => Semigroup (AccumulateRight a b) where
AccumulateRight (Success a) <>AccumulateRight (Failure b) =AccumulateRight (Success a)
AccumulateRight (Failure a) <>AccumulateRight (Success b) =AccumulateRight (Success b)
AccumulateRight (Failure a) <>AccumulateRight (Failure b) =AccumulateRight (Failure a)
AccumulateRight (Success a) <> AccumulateRight (Success b) = AccumulateRight (Success (a <> b))
* Why doesn't 'a' need an instance of semigroup?
Thank you,
Andrea
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